Remote patient monitoring (RPM) is defined as the use of telehealth services to examine the health issues in routine and sharing the information with the health-care professionals for better results. It helps in assembling all the information at one place and then electronically transmitting it to other physicians for evaluation and recommendations.
These applications use a wide range of health-related information of the patient such as blood pressure, weight, height, blood sugar levels, body mass index, and heart rate etc. The information is then well-documented and sent to the physicians providing telehealth services. The healthcare providers later with the use of various programs such as intensive care units, preventive health-checkup facilities, nursing department etc facilitate the patient with right diagnosis and treatment.
Through RPM physicians are accessible to a wider range of population and it has been feasible for doctors to overcome the distance barriers and reach the remote areas. It lets us examine the patient health in a routine so preventing the one from last minute sufferings. This has so far helped in reducing the number of hospital visits, admissions, and emergency conditions. It has increased the approachability to health informatics and treatment. Thus, saving the patient’s time and money which sometimes become a cause of one’s illness. Although it can’t match the traditional way of treating the diseased yet it has made the health-care services more penetrable and effective. Today, the treatment measures are available even in the unreachable regions in a short period of time.
Technical Elements in Remote Patient Monitoring
Remote patient monitoring comprises of four technical elements which are as follows:-
- The wireless device to enable communication between physician and patient.
- The application which stores the information related to medical records and updates it from time-to-time.
- The tools to monitor the patient’s health and give remarks accordingly.
- The repository to consolidate the data from various sources such as sensors, health-care providers, and other storage applications.
Benefits of RPM Over Traditional Clinical Methods
- The analysis of medical reports can be done thoroughly and efficiently using different applications. Generally, in hospitals or clinics, all the medical reporting equipment are not kept and only routinely used tools are maintained. In this way, it saves the time as the reports are easily scrutinized through all aspects.
- It is not limited to specific fields like traditional hospitals where sometimes it is difficult to find the doctor for examining our problems.
- It enables the quick communication between the health-care provider and the individual and thus, reduces the number of hospital visits, cost and time. It becomes more advantageous while handling emergency cases as medical professionals located at different places can be consulted simultaneously.
The reports of various medical researchers have also shown that RPM has improved the health conditions of people to a larger extent. Remote patient monitoring can’t take the place of traditional methods of medical treatment but it can accelerate the delivery of healthcare services. The optimal use of the advanced technology in medical applications further expands the reach of health institutions.